The Iraq War
The age old fertile valley of Mesopotamia is the cradle of human civilization. Iraq has a rich history and culture since the days of Babel and Nineveh. After the Islamic conquest the capitol city of modern day Iraq became a flourishing city of might and knowledge with no equal to its glory. After the fall of Baghdad in 1254 by Mongol horde the steady decline of Islamic empire started.
The colonization of Iraq by the British crown was established through the British Mandate of Mesopotamia was provided by mandate. Sunnite monarchy was established by the British dominion. It was relatively a period of political instability. Republic of Iraq was a result of continuous rebellions. Ba’ath party took over the control of Iraq after a bloody coup. Saddam Husain forced the sitting president to abdicate for his appointment as the sovereign of the country in 1979.
United states of America have always been critical to the Saddam’s regime except the period of Iran Iraq conflict during which US military covertly supported Saddam military regime against the newly emerged theocratic Shiite Iran.
But this was short lived romance. Soon the practical realities make Iraq and Saddam the number one enemy of United States of America .the force annexation of Kuwait by Saddam’s military regime infuriated the neighboring countries. United States was able to land forces in the neighboring Arab countries in the pretext of defending them. Us also launched operation desert storm which annihilated the power of Iraqi military in 90s .this followed the economic embargo on Iraq by the UN to stop it from producing weapons of mass destruction
In 2003 UN passed a resolution of military invention to stop the Iraqi programs of weapons of mass destruction
Casus Beli of Iraq war
Alleged arsenal of Weapons of mass destruction possesses by Iraqi regime
So called links between Al Qaeda and Iraqi government
There are rumors that the real reason behind the invasion of iraq was its oil resves of the country.
A media trail of WMDs in Iraq was launched by the popular mainstream media of the western world. This provided the US and UK with the public opinion
Soon America, Briton and their allies launched a military invasion of Iraq on March 20, 2003.iraq military was of no match to allied forces. After a period of few months fighting, Iraq was under the complete control allied troops. Soon after the conquest of Iraq elections were held and a civilian government formed in Iraq.
Resistance to foreign occupation
1. the nationalists
2. the Jihadist(religious fighter )
3. The separatists
4. The remaining elements of the previous Bath regime
Effects of Iraq war
Iraq war has established the hegemony of English speaking world over the state of Iraq. America and its allies have continued an evacuation plan according to which American forces will leave Iraq by 2015 leaving it to local administration.
This war has left Iraq in ruins. There is a continuous civil war going on in Iraq. Sectarian violence is reaching its peak thanks to the neighboring countries of Saudi Arab and Iran who are fighting their proxy wars. The separatist Kurdish elements are fighting for their liberation.
Civilian casualties and destruction of public property has left Iraq in distress.
The face negotiation theory, developed by Stella Ting-Toomey, explains the culture-based and situational factors that shape communicators’ tendencies in approaching and managing conflicts. The main purpose of this theory is to resolve the conflicts
By avoiding the conflict
We can resolve the conflict by avoiding the situation of conflict in the first place.
· The peace negotiation between the Iraqi government and the allied forces id the key to the permanent solution to conflict in Iraq. A stable government if Baghdad will ensure the safety of national borders and territorial claims of Iraq against internal an external factors.
By ending conflict with another conflict
· America and its allies tried to end the dispute with Saddam Husain by starting a whole military campaign against the Islamic republic of Iraq.