Mughals in Paintings : Part 1

This post only explores the history of Mughal empire through a visual aesthetics of medieval era 

Mughal dynasty ruled India from 1526 to 1857. Mughals rulers have from turko_mongol ancestry. The first rule of the dynasty was Babur who defeated the Ibrahim of Lodhi Dynasty ,ruler of Delhi,  in the first battle of Panipat  in 1526 .

Painting of Babur

Painting of Babur

1 battle of panipat .Babur

1 battle of panipat .Babur

After the death of Babur his only son Humayun succeded him. He was overthrown by a brilliant military general Sher Shah Suri ,who tried to establish his own rule in India by defeated the emperor and forced him to take refuge in Persia . After the death of Sher Shah Humayun marched back to India and restored the monarchy

painting_of_humayun

painting_of_humayun

Humayun in exile

Humayun in exile

Humayun marched back to reclaim his throne

Humayun marched back to reclaim his throne

Humayun died shortly after his return to India leaving his son to sit on the throne of India at the young age of 13.Akbar tried to reconcile with the majority of the native population , who were Hindus, by abolishing Jizya (a tax on the non -Muslims) and taking steps to promote Hindus to the highest ranks of the government.Akbar launched a successful military campaign which resulted in the annexation of the various princely states with the Mughal Empire . In his reign Mughal foreign foreign relations improved with the other powers of the time.

Portrait_of_Akbar_by_Manohar

Elephants were used as military weapon

Elephants were used as military weapon

Akbar 's army besieging a city with the help of Mughal artillery

Akbar ‘s army besieging a city with the help of Mughal artillery

Akbar receiving his son and heir

Akbar receiving his son and heir

Jahngir was an idealist and a hopeless romantic . His love with a courtesan is still considered to be an epic love story in subcontinent. He was liberal ruler who , like his father, carried on the policy of tolerance towards other communities.

Portrait of emperor Shah Jahan

Portrait of emperor Shah Jahan

Celebrations at the accession of Jahangir

Celebrations at the accession of Jahangir

Mughal Diplomacy : Jahangir & Abbas I of Persia

Mughal Diplomacy : Jahangir & Abbas I of Persia

His son, Shah Jahan followed in his footsteps and also became a great lover. He built the famous Taj mahal for his dead wife Mumtaz Mehal.

images

the court of Shah Jahan

the court of Shah Jahan