Pakistani Drama Industry

Dramas in Pakistan

Drama is probably the most popular genre in Pakistan. Dramas provide people with entertainment and information. Women of all background are the segment of the population most prone to drams both in rural and urban centers of Pakistan. Pakistani drama is usually based on socio romantic ideas which are conforming to popular beliefs of the conservative population. A very few efforts have been made to utilize this medium to better the life of audience

PTV

PTV is the forerunner of Pakistani drama. Ptv provided audience with a wide range topics in drams. First dramas were telecasted .Ptv  also stated a trend for the forty minute dramas consisting of 12 to 16 episodes .Later dramas of consist of single episode of longer time duration were introduced. Comedy sitcoms also gained popularity.

Westernization

Our media is currently propagating borrowed culture.PTV as institution promotes national identity, culture and local tradition. Culture and traditional values and belief have taken a back seat in contemporary drama. False values which are contradicting to our ethics are incorporated through media. Foreign language and dresses have replaced the traditional values .this is an alarming sign for our society.

Privatization of drama industry

In Musharraf’s era many private channels started broadcasting entertainment channels. These TV channels concentrated particularly on drama. The golden era of PTV was now over. ARY, GEO and later HUM ended the monopoly of PTV. These channels started producing dramas with new zeal. These newly established TV channels give due importance to audience demand of change and diversity in media content. Profit motivation and competition lead to economical rating race between these channels.

Commercialization

Private media owners are only motivated by the profits gained through advertising. Private media channels have also given more importance to economic aspect of drama industry rather than improving the overall standard of Pakistani drama. Ideas and concepts of successful drams are imitated .This trend has reduced the creative process for writers, actors and directors.

Role of Actors, Writers and Diretcors

Writers are only concentrating on the socio romantic aspects of the society. Usaually interns are employed to write the dramas. Famous writer such as Umera ahmed and Raziaa butt’s dramas conformed to the traditional values.

The veteran actors are trained in the PTV. New actors are given with more opportunity to act and brighter economical aspects. The culture of rehearsals has been replaced by the tightly scheduled routine.

Clichés and Lack of creative process

 

Pakistani dramas only show feudalistic and business elite with negative connotation .The most important or rather the only theme of Pakistani dramas is Love. It looks like that people in our society have nothing else to do in their lives except to be either in love. Individualistic success stories which are prevalent n Hollywood and Bollywood are rare in Pakistani drama industry. Hackneyed ideas and clichéd stories have made our dramas boring.

Invasion of Turkish dramas

Pakistani contemporary drama is also facing a challenge of foreign dramas. This so called “cultural invasion” of Turkish and Indian drama has struck our industry with surprise. It started when a new channel named Urdu 1 started telecasting a Turkish drama to utilize the prime time drama space. Fortunately or unfortunately at that time our industry has just recently defeated the Indian dramas infusion through cable TV system. It was time when our drama industry was producing nothing new worth watching. Audiences need change and diversity in TV and Turkish dramas provided them both.

The second aspect was economical success of these dramas. Seeing the popularity of Turkish dramas in Pakistan so all the major media channels followed this trend. Soon all the media industry was swept by the Turkish dramas. Media channels purchased the popular dramas telecasted in Turkey and broadcast them in Pakistan after dubbing. This process gives media channels the opportunity to avoid the risk of making the drama which may or may not prove to be successful in future to come.

A strong resistance is offered by the acting community to the foreign content. Actors are now less in demand because of the foreign content being given the prime time slot on television. Actors accuse media channels that for their profits they are destroying local media industry.

Conservative faction of the population is also opposing the “uncensored and unchecked foreign content” of being opposed to the cultural norms of our society. Turkish dramas are criticized for infiltrating the attitude and beliefs which do not conform to social, cultural, traditional and Islamic values of our country.

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Education System In Pakistan

                                                                   Education in Pakistan

Article 25-A of Constitution of Pakistan obligates the state to provide free and compulsory quality education to children of the age group 5 to 16 years. “The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years in such a manner as may be determined by law”. According to Federal Ministry of Education and Provincial Education Ministries education rate of Pakistan is 57 %.there are different type institutions catering different students from diverse social , ethnic ,and economic background.

English Medium; Elitist Schools

Pakistan got its independence from England in 1947. Briton colonized whole South Asia for nearly two centuries including the area comprising f Pakistan’s current geographical position.

English medium schools have a strict English speaking code. They follow the international general certificate of education (or GCE), where SSC and HSC are replaced by Ordinary Level (or O level) and Advanced level (or A Level) respectively.

The recruits for these schools usually belong to the elitist families of Pakistan. Chains of English medium schools have been established.

·         Roots

·         Beacon house

·         Missionary schools

·         Aitcheson

·         Lawrence

Urdu Medium; Middle Class Schools

Urdu is the national language of Pakistan. A great number of masses study in this language. Urdu medium schools are spread all over the Pakistan.

Many public and private schools employ Urdu language as medium of instruction .These schools adopt national education system with pre assigned curriculum assigned by Ministry of Education and Training Pakistan.

Urdu medium schools have usually an outdated syllabus which does not fulfill the current needs of students. Government schools have usually poor infrastructure and untrained faculty. Despite all odds these schools have still produced notable alumni e.g., noble laureate Dr Abdus Salam.

A commemorative stamp to honour the services o...

A commemorative stamp to honour the services of Dr. Abdus Salam. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Mudrassa Schools

MUdrassa schools are the oldest education system of Pakistan. Students belonging to lower income class usually enroll here. Mudrassa education system only provides students with theological knowledge. Mudrassa’s are also being criticized for their radical teachings .MUdrassa’s in Pakistan are diverse in their teachings. Different schools of thought have their own examination boards corresponding to their schools of thought are:

·         Tanzim-ul-Madaras (Barelvi School of Thought),

·         Wafaq-ul-Madaras (Deoband School of Thought),

·         Wafaq-ul-Madaras (Shitties School of Thought),

·         Wafaq-ul-Madaras (Ahl e Hadith School of Thought) .

Military Schools

These schools have a large number of students currently studying the offered programs. These schools have traditional conservative pedagogical techniques. Medium of education is usually English but the offered programs are aligned with national education system i.e., SSC and HESC .These schools attract a large number of middle class students with military background.

·         Army Public School & College System

·         Fauji Foundation Model Schools

·         Military Colleges & Cadet Colleges

·         National University of Science and Technology

Pakistan’s education system consists of different medium of instruction. People from diverse social ladders are enrolled in different spectrum of education system. A constant struggle is going on with Urdu and medium to gain the role of the only language medium of instruction. Our education system is a tool to maintain the social hierarchy.

In order to become a successful nation we have to synchronize our educational institutions. Either English or Urdu must be selected as medium of instruction for the whole nation. A centralized system of education will provide the people with equal opportunities.